These spheres that you see are not the work of an artist, but the perfection of the dance of the stars. Two stars (WR Binary stars) that are more than 5000 light years away from Earth orbit each other. One of them is very large, millions of times brighter than our Sun, and the other is about 20 times brighter than the Sun. The two stars are in the final stages of their lives and the solar winds of the two stars. More appropriately called solar storms, collide, creating these spiral-like circles (explained below) that continue to expand since. The light of these stars is pushing them away with their energy.
WOLF-RAYET STARS: WR STARS
Among these two stars, the WR 140 (Wolf-Rayet) star is one of the most massive stars (in terms of mass and mass). This star is in the last days of its main sequence and is rapidly losing mass and is considered one of the hottest stars. WR stars are a rare type of star whose outer surface has been shown by spectral analysis to contain heavy elements such as ionized helium, carbon, and nitrogen. Their surface temperature has been recorded from 20,000 Kelvin to 200,000 Kelvin. These stars emit most of their heat in the form of ultraviolet radiation.
The most massive star to date, R136a1, also belongs to the same type as the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a dwarf galaxy in the Milky Way. About 600 such stars have been discovered in our galaxy, and half of them are in the Magellanic Clouds, our nearest dwarf galaxies. These stars are thought to be a source of the round and heavy elements in space.
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The WR 140 star seen by James Webb is the result of James Webb’s MIRI camera, which operates at minus 266 degrees Celsius and also detects a slight infrared frequency, as the circles of the same star were first imaged by a telescope at the Keck Observatory. Hawaii in America was also built in which only 2 of its circles could be seen. The bad news is that the mode of the MIRI camera that was used to analyze the star around ( ) is not working yet, there has been an error.
How Circles Are Formed
The other star is also an O-type heavy star. These two stars come close to each other after about 8 years (Periastron), which is almost equal to the distance between the Earth and the Sun, so their solar storms collide with each other at a speed of 3000 km per hour.
When the solar storms of the two stars collide, particles around the stars and heavy carbon-rich elements from the WR star form a high-density layer due to pressure. And when this layer cools, it turns into dust, which contains more carbon. When the stars’ ultraviolet rays hit the cold core, radiation is emitted, which Jens Webb observed in the infrared frequency. Starlight also clears this circle and interstellar space.
These 17 spheres represent about 100 years of history that James Webb could see and there are hundreds of such spheres in space that may be merging into a new solar system far away from space.
To find this WR140 you type V1687 Cyg in the Stellarium application.
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