About the problems of man, Russell says that life has been made into a competition, here in this world, people are competing with each other on all sides. All ideas and thoughts are competing with each other. Due to competition, only two things happen either man becomes a criminal or he commits a crime.
There are only two things happening in this world either a person is committing a crime or he is becoming a criminal. Apart from this, there is nothing in the world and behind all this is the fear and greed of man. Russell says that the education that is providing a poisoned society to a person is the reason why the intellectual capacity of a person is ending and he is losing the right to freedom of expression. Defining patriotism, Russell says that it means killing or being killed.
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According to Russell, there is chaos and division in the world due to patriotism, nationalism, and dogmatism. About freedom of speech, Russell says that freedom of speech will exist in the world when any government in the world considers itself safe, where the government considers itself safe, there is a long visit to freedom of speech. And where the government is concerned for its existence and security, there is no concept of freedom of expression, only the military, religious sects, and beliefs rule.
. About freedom, Russell says that it means that man can do what he wants, and say what he thinks, freedom is the basic right of man and this is the right that man has always been deprived of. About democracy, Russell says that democracy is a process in which all the people choose a person who has the ability to put all the charges on his head. Who is capable of accepting all charges?
While advising the new generation, Bertrand Russell says that he tells the new generation two aspects of life. One aspect is wisdom and the other is the moral aspect. He says that the intellectual aspect is that whenever the new generation is studying any issue or any philosophical issue is being studied, it is necessary for the new generation to question itself, ask itself What are the facts of this issue?
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There is no need to seek advice or help from any social perspective. The opinion is the best, the highest, and the noblest that emerges from within the human being. Even if that opinion is different and rebellious from an inspired idea, the same opinion should be considered true and the same opinion should be expressed.
This is intellectual advice for the new generation. Advising the new generation regarding the moral aspect, Russell says that the moral aspect is that love is consciousness, prudence is wisdom, and hatred or bigotry is folly. All these worlds and humanity are interconnected. Therefore, we should love each other, listen to each other’s opinions with patience and tolerance and respect these opinions. When we respect each other’s point of view, the world will be more cooperative. We all must learn the art of living with each other. For the continuity of human life. It is necessary to learn tolerance. Improvement and development in the world and humanity are possible only through patience, tolerance, and cooperation. There is no other solution.
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